The African National Congress will reportedly discuss the practicality of having nine provinces in South Africa at its National General Council next month.
According to the SABC, the party wants delegates to debate the issue with a view to possibly reducing the number of provinces that the country has.
Critics though have warned over fast-tracking a policy position on the matter, saying that the Constitution will have to change to allow for a reduction or an increase in the number of provinces.
To effect Constitutional change, the ANC would have to convince the opposition to agree to the changes as it does not have a two-thirds majority in Parliament.
The ANC currently controls eight of the nine provinces in South Africa with the Democratic Alliance in control of the Western Cape.
During Monday's briefing on the party's NGC, the ANC leadership also called on all of its structures not to start debates on the party's succession in the run up to its 2017 elective conference. ANC secretary general Gwede Mantashe said that the succession debate would distract the delegates from the "work we are doing".
"In 2017 we will be electing a president of the ANC. The president may be a female or may be a male, that's what we say. Please wait about the succession now. It is distrusting us. It is refocusing us on the work we are doing," Mantashe was quoted as saying by the SABC.